Women are more than half of the population of Europe, but only just over a quarter of Europe’s MPs are women.
This map shows which countries in Europe have the highest proportion of female MPs – and which countries have the lowest proportion.
Sweden (43.6%), Finland (41.5%) and Iceland (41.3%) are countries in Europe with the most female MPs per head. Georgia (11.3%), Armenia (10.7%) and Hungary (10.1%) are the three European countries with the fewest female MPs.
Across Europe, the average number of female MPs is 26%.
List of percentage of female MPs by country in Europe
|Country||Election||Number of MPs||Number of women||Percentage|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||12.10.2014||42||9||21.4%|
The table lists the number of female MPs in the parliament of each country in Europe. Where a country’s parliament has two houses (for example, the House of Commons and House of Lords in the UK), only data for the lower house is included.
Facts about female MPs in Europe
- A 2016 study by the British Parliament calculated that, since 1918, there had been fewer female MPs in total than there were male MPs in the UK Parliament today.
- The percentage of female MEPs in the EU’s European Parliament is 37%. This is double the percentage of female MEPs elected in 1984 (18%).
- European countries are much more likely to elect a women to represent them at the European Parliament than they are in their own domestic parliaments.
- Malta has the highest number of female MEPs (67%). Others countries with more than 50% MEPs are Ireland (55%), Sweden (55%) and Finland (54%). The two countries with the lowest proportion of female MEPs are Malta (9%) and Cyprus (17%).
- Four countries in the world have more female MPs than Sweden – Rwanda (63.8%), Bolivia (53.1%), Cuba (48.9%) and Seychelles (43.8%). Rwanda (63.8%) and Bolivia (53.1%) are the only countries in the world to have more female MPs than male MPs.
- Finland was the first country in Europe where women could both vote and stand for election. In the 1907 election, nineteen women were elected as representatives to the Finnish Parliament.
- Lichtenstein was the last country in Europe to grant women the right to vote – on 1st July 1984. The decision was taken by a referendum and was won by just 119 votes (2,370 for and 2,251 against). The referendum was the fourth to be held on the question in less than 20 years.