This page contains a list all world leaders, including a list of all Presidents, Prime Ministers and Monarchs for every country in the world that is a member of the UN or an observer at the UN. It includes the names of the head of state and head of government of each country.

It also includes a list of the heads of significant global and regional organisations – for example, the United Nations, the European Union, the World Bank or NATO.

The data is accurate as of April 2016.

List of world leaders

This table contains a list of heads of state and heads of government. Where the two roles are combined, only one person is listed.

Where we have written an article about a person included in this list, you can click on a link to visit that article.

 Head of stateHead of government
CountryNameTitleName Title
AfghanistanAshraf GhaniPresidentAbdullah AbdullahChief Executive Officer
AlbaniaBujar NishaniPresidentEdi RamaPrime Minister
AlgeriaAbdelaziz BouteflikaPresidentAbdelmalek SellalPrime Minister
AndorraJoan Enric Sicília & Francois HollandeCo-PrinceAntoni MartíHead of Government
AngolaJosé Eduardo dos SantosPresident
Antigua and BarbudaElizabeth IIQueenGaston BrownePrime Minister
ArgentinaMauricio MacriPresident
ArmeniaSerzh SargsyanPresidentHovik AbrahamyanPrime Minister
AustraliaElizabeth IIQueenMalcolm TurnbullPrime Minister
AustriaHeinz FischerPresidentWerner FaymannChancellor
AzerbaijanIlham AliyevPresidentArtur RasizadePrime Minister
BahamasElizabeth IIQueenPerry ChristiePrime Minister
BahrainSheikh Hamad bin Isa Al KhalifaKingPrince Khalifa bin Salman Al KhalifaPrime Minister
BangladeshAbdul HamidPresidentSheikh HasinaPrime Minister
BarbadosElizabeth IIQueenFreundel StuartPrime Minister
BelarusAlexander LukashenkoPresidentAndrei KobyakovPrime Minister
BelgiumPhilippe IKingCharles MichelPrime Minister
BelizeElizabeth IIQueenDean BarrowPrime Minister
BeninPatrice TalonPresident
BhutanJigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckKingTshering TobgayPrime Minister
BoliviaEvo MoralesPresident
Bosnia & HerzegovinaBakir IzetbegovićChairmanDenis ZvizdićChairman of Council of Ministers
BotswanaIan KhamaPresident
BrazilDilma RousseffPresident
BruneiHassanal BolkiahSultan and Prime Minister
BulgariaRosen PlevnelievPresidentBoyko BorissovPrime Minister
Burkina FasoRoch Marc Christian KaboréPresidentPaul Kaba ThiebaPrime Minister
BurundiPierre NkurunzizaPresident
CambodiaNorodom SihamoniKingHun SenPrime Minister
CameroonPaul BiyaPresidentPhilémon YangPrime Minister
CanadaElizabeth IIQueenJustin TrudeauPrime Minister
Cape VerdeJorge Carlos FonsecaPresidentJosé Maria NevesPrime Minister
Central African RepublicFaustin-Archange TouadéraPresidentSimplice SarandjiPrime Minister
ChadIdriss DébyPresidentAlbert Pahimi PadackéPrime Minister
ChileMichelle BachaletPresident
ChinaXi JinpingPresident & General SecretaryLi KequiangPremier
ColombiaJuan Manuel SantosPresident
ComorosIkililou DhoininePresident
Congo, Democratic RepublicJoseph KabilaPresidentAugustin Matata PonyoPrime Minister
Congo, RepublicDenis Sassou NguessoPresident
Costa RicaLuis Guillermo SolísPresident
CroatiaKolinda Grabar-KitarovićPresidentTihomir OreškovićPrime Minister
CubaRaúl CastroFirst Secretary of the Communist Party & President
CyprusNicos AnastasiadesPresident
Czech RepublicMiloš ZemanPresidentBohuslav SobotkaPrime Minister
DenmarkMargrethe IIQueenLars Løkke RasmussenPrime Minister
DjiboutiIsmaïl Omar GuellehPresidentAbdoulkader Kamil MohamedPrime Minister
DominicaCharles SavarinPresidentRoosevelt SkerritPrime Minister
Dominican RepublicDanilo MedinaPresident
East TimorTaur Matan RuakPresidentRui Maria de AraújoPrime Minister
EcuadorRafael CorreaPresident
EgyptAbdel Fattah el-SisiPresidentSherif IsmailPrime Minister
El SalvadorSalvador Sánchez CerénPresident
Equatorial GuineaTeodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPresidentVicente Ehate TomiPrime Minister
EritreaIsaias AfwerkiPresident
EstoniaToomas Hendrik IlvesPresidentTaavi RõivasPrime Minister
EthiopiaMulatu TeshomePresidentHailemariam DesalegnPrime Minister
FijiGeorge KonrotePresidentFrank BainimaramaPrime Minister
FinlandSauli NiinistöPresidentJuha SipiläPrime Minister
FranceFrançois HollandePresidentManuel VallsPrime Minister
GabonAli Bongo OndimbaPresidentDaniel Ona OndoPrime Minister
GambiaYahya JammehPresident
GeorgiaGiorgi MargvelashviliPresidentGiorgi KvirikashviliPrime Minister
GermanyJoachim GauckPresidentAngela MerkelChancellor
GhanaJohn Dramani MahamaPresident
GreeceProkopis PavlopoulosPresidentAlexis TsiprasPrime Minister
GrenadaElizabeth IIQueenKeith MitchellPrime Minister
GuatemalaJimmy MoralesPresident
GuineaAlpha CondéPresidentMamady YoulaPrime Minister
Guinea-BissauJosé Mário VazPresidentCarlos CorrieaPrime Minister
GuyanaDavid A GrangerPresidentMoses NagamootooPreim
HaitaJocelerme PrivertPresidentEnex Jean-CharlesPrime Minister
HondurasJuan Orlando HernándezPresident
HungaryJános ÁderPresidentViktor OrbánPrime Minister
IcelandÓlafur Ragnar GrímssonPresidentSigurður Ingi JóhannssonPrime Minister
IndiaPranab MukherjeePresidentNarendra ModiPrime Minister
IndonesiaJoko WidodoPresident
IranAyatollah Ali KhameneiSupreme LeaderHassan RouhaniPresident
IraqFaud MasumPresidentHaider al-AbadiPresident
IrelandMichael D HigginsPresidentEnda KennyTaoiseach
IsraelReuven RivlinPresidentBenjamin NetanyahuPrime Minister
ItalySergio MattarellaPresidentMatteo RenziPresident of Council of Ministers
Ivory CoastAlassane OuattaraPresidentDaniel Kablan DuncanPrime Minister
JamaicaElizabeth IIQueenAndrew HolmesPrime Minister
JapanAkihitoEmperorShinzō AbePrime Minister
JordanAbdullah IIKingAbdullah EnsourPrime Minister
KenyaUhuru KenyattaPresident
KiribatiTaneti MamauPresident
KuwaitSheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahEmirSheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-SabahPrime Minister
KyrgyzstanAlmazbek AtambayevPresidentSooronay JennbekovPrime Minister
LaosChoummaly SayasonePresidentThongsing ThammavongPrime Minister
LatviaRaimonds VējonisPresidentMāris KučinskisPrime Minister
LebanonTammam SalamPresident
LesothoLetsie III KingPakalitha MosisiliPrime Minister
LiberiaEllen Johnson SirleafPresident
LibyaFayez al-SarrajChairman of Presidential Council and Prime Minister
LiechtensteinHans-Adam IIPrinceAdrian HaslerHead of Government
LithuaniaDalia GrybauskaitėPresidentAlgirdas ButkevičiusPresident
LuxembourgHenriGrand DukeXavier BettelPrime Minister
MacedoniaGjorge IvanovPresidentEmil DimitrievPresident of the Government
MadagascarHery RajaonarimampianinaPresidentOlivier SolonandrasanaPrime Minister
MalawiPeter MutharikaPresident
MalaysiaTuanku Abdul HalimKingNajib RazakPrime Minister
MaldivesAbdulla YameenPresident
MaliIbrahim Boubacar KeïtaPresidentModibo KeitaPrime Minister
MaltaMarie Louise Coleiro PrecaPresidentJoseph MuscatPrime Minister
Marshall IslandsHilda HeinePresident
MauritaniaMohamed Ould Abdel AzizPresidentYahya Ould HademinePrime Minister
MauritiusAmeenah GuribPresidentSir Anerood JugnauthPrime Minister
MexicoEnrique Peña NietoPresident
MicronesiaPeter M ChristianPresident
MoldovaNicolae TimoftiPresidentPavel FilipPrime Minister
MonacoAlbert IISovereign PrinceSerge TelleMinister of State
MongoliaTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjPresidentChimediin SaikhanbilegPrime Minister
MontenegroFilip VujanovićPresidentMilo ĐukanovićPrime Minister
MoroccoMohammed VIKingAbdelilah BenkiraneHead of Government
MozambiqueFilipe NyusiPresidentCarlos Agostinho do Rosário
MyanmarHtin KyawPresidentAung san Suu KyiState Counsellor
NauruBaron WaqaPresident
NepalBidhya Devi BhandariPresidentKhadga Prasad Sharma OliPrime Minister
NetherlandsWillem-AlexanderKingMark RuttePrime Minister
New ZealandElizabeth IIQueenJohn KeyPrime Minister
NicaraguaDaniel OrtegaPresident
NigerMahamadou IssoufouPresidentBrigi RafiniPrime Minister
NigeriaMahammadu BuhariPresident
North KoreaKim Jong-unFirst Secretary & Supreme LeaderPak Pong-juPremier of the Cabinet
NorwayHarald VKingErna SolbergPrime Minister
OmanQaboos bin Said al SaidSultan and Prime Minister
PakistanMamnoon HussainPresidentNawaz SharifPrime Minister
PalauTommy RemengesauPresident
PalestineMahmoud AbbasPresidentRami HamdallahPrime Minister
PanamaJuan Carlos VarelaPresident
Papua New GuineaElizabeth IIQueenPeter O'NeillPrime Minister
ParaguayHoracio CartesPresident
PeruOllanta HumalaPresidentPedro CaterianoPrime Minister
PhilippinesBenigno Aquino IIIPresident
PolandAndrzej DudaPresidentBeata SzydłoPrime Minister
PortugalMarcelo Rebelo de SousaPresidentAntónio CostaPrime Minister
QatarSheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al ThaniEmirSheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al ThaniPrime Minister
RomaniaKlaus IohannisPresidentDacian CioloșPrime Minister
RussiaVladimir Putin
PresidentDmitry MedvedevPrime Minister
RwandaPaul KagamePresidentAnastase MurekeziPrime Minister
St Kitts and NevisElizabeth IIQueenTimothy HarrisPrime Minister
St LuciaElizabeth IIQueenKenny AnthonyPrime Minister
St Vincent and the GrenadinesElizabeth IIQueenKenny AnthonyPrime Minister
SamoaTufuga EfiO le Ao o le MaloTuilaepa Aiono Sailele MalielegaoiPrime Minister
San MarinoMassimo Andrea Ugolini & Gian Nocola BertiCaptains Regent
São Tomé and PríncipeManuel Pinto da CostaPresidentPatrice TrovoadaPrime Minister
Saudi ArabiaSalmanKing & Prime Minister
SenegalMacky SallPresidentMohammed DionnePrime Minister
SerbiaTomislav NikolićPresidentAleksandar VučićPrime Minister
SeychellesJames MichelPresident
Sierra LeoneErnest Bai KoromaPresident
SingaporeTony TanPresidentLee Hsien LoongPrime Minister
SlovakiaAndrej KiskaPresidentRobert FicoPrime Minister
SloveniaBorut PahorPresidentMiro CerarPrime Minister
Solomon IslandsElizabeth IIQueenManasseh SogavarePrime Minister
SomaliaHassan Sheikh MohamudPresidentOmar Abdirashid Ali SharmarkePrime Minister
South AfricaJacob ZumaPresident
South KoreaPark Geun-hyePresidentHwang Kyo-ahnPrime Minister
South SudanSalva Kiir MayarditPresident
SpainFelipe VIKingMariano RajoyPresident of the Government
Sri LankaMaithripala SirisenaPresidentRanil WickremesinghePrime Minister
SudanOmar al-BashirPresident
SurinameDési BoutersePresident
SwazilandMswati IIIKingBarnabas Sibusiso DlaminiPrime Minister
SwedenCarl XVI GustafKingStefan LöfvenPrime Minister
SwitzerlandJohann Schneider-AmmannPresident
SyriaBashar al-AssadPresidentWael Nader al-HalqiPrime Minister
TajikistanEmomali RahmonPresidentKokhir RasulzodaPrime Minister
TanzaniaJohn MagufuliPresidentKassim MajaliwaPrime Minister
ThailandBhumibol AdulyadejKingPrayut Chan-o-chaPrime Minister
TogoFaure GnassingbéPresidentKomi Sélom KlassouPrime Minister
TongaTupou VIKingʻAkilisi PōhivaPrime Minister
Trinidad and TobagoAnthony CarmonaPresidentKeith RowleyPrime Minister
TunisiaBeji Caid EssebsiPresidentHabib EssidHead of Government
TurkeyRecep Tayyip ErdoğanPresidentAhmet DavutoğluPrime Minister
TurkmenistanGurbanguly BerdimuhamedowPresident
TuvaluElizabeth IIQueenEnele SopoagaPrime Minister
UgandaYoweri MuseveniPresidentRuhakana RugundaPrime Minister
UkrainePetro PoroshenkoPresidentVolodymyr GroysmanPrime Minister
United Arab EmiratesSheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanPresidentSheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al MaktoumPrime Minister
United KingdomElizabeth IIQueenDavid CameronPrime Minister
United States of AmericaBarack ObamaPresident
UruguayTabaré VázquezPresident
UzbekistanIslam KarimovPresidentShavkat MirziyoyevPrime Minister
VanuatuBaldwin LonsdalePresidentCharlot SalwaiPrime Minister
Vatican CityPope FrancisSovereignCardinal Giuseppe BertelloPresident of the Governorate
VenezuelaNicolás MaduroPresident
VietnamTrần Đại QuangPresidentNguyễn Xuân PhúcPrime Minister
YemenAbd Rabbuh Mansur HadiPresidentAhmed Obeid bin DaghrPrime Minister
ZambiaEdgar LunguPresident
ZimbabweRobert MugabePresident

What is the difference between head of state and head of government?

The head of state is almost always an individual. They are often elected but not always – for example, some heads of state are monarchs. Their main role is to act as the representative of that state – for example meeting foreign dignitaries, opening parliaments, or calling elections.

The head of government is usually a prime minister, who leads the government and the legislature. They are responsible for implementing laws and ensuring that the country’s bureaucracy runs smoothly.

Most countries separate the two roles, and appoint a different person to fulfil each function. However some countries, usually in countries with a Presidential system of government, allow one person to fulfil both roles.

Trivia

Elizabeth II is the only person to be head of state of more than one country. This is because many countries that used to be a part of the British Empire have kept her as their head of state. In total, she is Queen of sixteen countries. She is also head of the Commonwealth of Nations. In countries other than the United Kingdom, she is represented by a Governor-General.

Bhumibol Adulyadejs, also known as Rama IX, is the longest serving head of state. He is also the longest serving current monarch. He has reigned as King of Thailand since 9 June 1946. This is more than five years longer than Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 5 February 1952.

The longest serving head of state who is not a monarch is Paul Biya of Cameroon. He took office on 30 June 1975.

Three countries have more than one head of state. These countries are Switzerland, where members of the federal council take it in turns to take on the role of President, San Marino, which is led by two Captains-Regent, and Bosnia & Herzegovina, which has a three-member Presidency with one member drawn from each of its three nations.

List of organisation leaders

This table contains a list of the leaders of selected international organisations.

OrganizationHeadTitle
African Union (AU)Idriss DŽbyChairman
Arab LeagueAhmed Aboul GheitSecretary General
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)Thongsing ThammavongChairman
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)Sergei LebedevExecutive Secretary
Commonwealth of NationsQueen Elizabeth IIHead
European Union (EU)Jean-Claude JunckerPresident of the European Commission
International Criminal Court (ICC)Silvia Fern‡ndez de GurmendiPresident
International Monetary Fund (IMF)Christine LagardeManaging Director
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Jens StoltenbergSecretary General
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)JosŽ çngel Gurr’aSecretary General
Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE)Lamberto ZannierSecretary General
Organization of American States (OAS)Luis AlmagroSecretary General
Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC)Abdallah Salem el-BadriSecretary General
United Nations (UN)Ban Ki-moonSecretary General
World BankJim Yong KimPresident
World Trade Organisation (WTO)Roberto AzevdoDirector General