Updated: 24 January 2017

This page contains a list all world leaders, including a list of all Presidents, Prime Ministers and Monarchs for every country in the world that is a member of the UN or an observer at the UN. It includes the names of the head of state and head of government of each country.

It also includes a list of the heads of significant global and regional organisations – for example, the United Nations, the European Union, the World Bank or NATO.

The data is accurate as of April 2016.

List of world leaders

This table contains a list of heads of state and heads of government. Where the two roles are combined, only one person is listed.

Where we have written an article about a person included in this list, you can click on a link to visit that article.

 Head of stateHead of Government
StateTitleNameTitleName
AfghanistanPresidentAshraf GhaniChief Executive OfficerAbdullah Abdullah
AlbaniaPresidentBujar NishaniPrime MinisterEdi Rama
AlgeriaPresidentAbdelaziz BouteflikaPrime MinisterAbdelmalek Sellal
AndorraEpiscopal Co-PrincesJoan Enric Vives Sic’lia and Franois HollandeHead of GovernmentAntoni Mart’
AngolaPresidentJosŽ Eduardo dos Santos
Antigua and BarbudaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterGaston Browne
ArgentinaPresidentMauricio Macri
ArmeniaPresidentSerzh SargsyanPrime MinisterKaren Karapetyan
AustraliaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterMalcolm Turnbull
AustriaFederal PresidentVacantFederal ChancellorChristian Kern
AzerbaijanPresidentIlham AliyevPrime MinisterArtur Rasizade
BahamasQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterPerry Christie
BahrainKingSheikh Hamad bin Isa Al KhalifaPrime MinisterPrince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
BangladeshPresidentAbdul HamidPrime MinisterSheikh Hasina
BarbadosQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterFreundel Stuart
BelarusPresidentAlexander LukashenkoPrime MinisterAndrei Kobyakov
BelgiumKingPhilippePrime MinisterCharles Michel
BelizeQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterDean Barrow
BeninPresidentPatrice Talon
BhutanKingJigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckPrime MinisterTshering Tobgay
BoliviaPresidentEvo Morales
Bosnia and HerzegovinaHigh RepresentativeValentin Inzko
BotswanaPresidentIan Khama
BrazilPresidentMichel Temer
BruneiSultan and Prime MinisterHassanal Bolkiah
BulgariaPresidentRumen RadevPrime MinisterBoyko Borissov
Burkina FasoPresidentRoch Marc Christian KaborŽPrime MinisterPaul Kaba Thieba
BurundiPresidentPierre Nkurunziza
CambodiaKingNorodom SihamoniPrime MinisterHun Sen
CameroonPresidentPaul BiyaPrime MinisterPhilŽmon Yang
CanadaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Cape VerdePresidentJorge Carlos FonsecaPrime MinisterUlisses Correia e Silva
Central African RepublicPresidentFaustin-Archange TouadŽraPrime MinisterSimplice Sarandji
ChadPresidentIdriss DŽbyPrime MinisterAlbert Pahimi PadackŽ
ChilePresidentMichelle Bachelet
ColombiaPresidentJuan Manuel Santos
ComorosPresidentAzali Assoumani
Congo (Democratic Republic)PresidentJoseph KabilaPrime MinisterSamy Badibanga
Congo (Republic)PresidentDenis Sassou NguessoPrime MinisterClŽment Mouamba
Costa RicaPresidentLuis Guillermo Sol’s
CroatiaPresidentKolinda Grabar-Kitarovi_Prime MinisterAndrej Plenkovi_
CubaFirst Secretary Raœl CastroPresident of the Council of StateRaœl Castro
CyprusPresidentNicos Anastasiades
Czech RepublicPresidentMilo_ ZemanPrime MinisterBohuslav Sobotka
DenmarkQueenMargrethe IIPrime MinisterLars L¿kke Rasmussen
DjiboutiPresidentIsma•l Omar GuellehPrime MinisterAbdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
DominicaPresidentCharles SavarinPrime MinisterRoosevelt Skerrit
Dominican RepublicPresidentDanilo Medina
East TimorPresidentTaur Matan RuakPrime MinisterRui Maria de Araœjo
EcuadorPresidentRafael Correa
EgyptPresidentAbdel Fattah el-SisiPrime MinisterSherif Ismail
El SalvadorPresidentSalvador S‡nchez CerŽn
Equatorial GuineaPresidentTeodoro Obiang Nguema MbasogoPrime MinisterFrancisco Pascual Obama Asue
EritreaPresidentIsaias Afwerki
EstoniaPresidentKersti KaljulaidPrime MinisterJŸri Ratas
EthiopiaPresidentMulatu TeshomePrime MinisterHailemariam Desalegn
FijiPresidentGeorge KonrotePrime MinisterFrank Bainimarama
FinlandPresidentSauli NiinistšPrime MinisterJuha SipilŠ
FrancePresidentFranois HollandePrime MinisterBernard Cazeneuve
GabonPresidentAli Bongo OndimbaPrime MinisterEmmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
GambiaPresidentAdama Barrow
GeorgiaPresidentGiorgi MargvelashviliPrime MinisterGiorgi Kvirikashvili
GermanyPresidentJoachim GauckChancellorAngela Merkel
GhanaPresidentNana Akufo-Addo
GreecePresidentProkopis PavlopoulosPrime MinisterAlexis Tsipras
GrenadaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterKeith Mitchell
GuatemalaPresidentJimmy Morales
GuineaPresidentAlpha CondŽPrime MinisterMamady Youla
Guinea-BissauPresidentJosŽ M‡rio VazPrime MinisterUmaro Sissoco Embal—
GuyanaPresidentDavid A. GrangerPrime MinisterMoses Nagamootoo
HaitiInterim PresidentJocelerme PrivertPrime MinisterEnex Jean-Charles
HondurasPresidentJuan Orlando Hern‡ndez
HungaryPresidentJ‡nos çderPrime MinisterViktor Orb‡n
IcelandPresidentGu_ni Th. J—hannessonPrime MinisterBjarni Benediktsson
IndiaPresidentPranab MukherjeePrime MinisterNarendra Modi
IndonesiaPresidentJoko Widodo
IranSupreme LeaderAyatollah Ali KhameneiPresidentHassan Rouhani
IraqPresidentFuad MasumPrime MinisterHaider al-Abadi
IrelandPresidentMichael D. HigginsTaoiseachEnda Kenny
IsraelPresidentReuven RivlinPrime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu
ItalyPresidentSergio MattarellaPrime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni
Ivory CoastPresidentAlassane OuattaraPrime MinisterAmadou Gon Coulibaly
JamaicaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterAndrew Holness
JapanEmperorAkihitoPrime MinisterShinz_ Abe
JordanKingAbdullah IIPrime MinisterHani Al-Mulki
KazakhstanPresidentNursultan NazarbayevPrime MinisterBakhytzhan Sagintayev
KenyaPresidentUhuru Kenyatta
KiribatiPresidentTaneti Mamau
KuwaitEmirSheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahPrime MinisterSheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
KyrgyzstanPresidentAlmazbek AtambayevPrime MinisterSooronbay Jeenbekov
LaosGeneral Secretary of the Communist PartyBounnhang Vorachith
PresidentÊÐ Bounnhang VorachithPrime MinisterThongloun Sisoulith
LatviaPresidentRaimonds V_jonisPrime MinisterM_ris Ku_inskis
LebanonPresidentMichel AounPrime MinisterSaad Hariri
LesothoKingLetsie IIIPrime MinisterPakalitha Mosisili
LiberiaPresidentEllen Johnson Sirleaf
LibyaChairman of the Presidential Council and Prime MinisterFayez al-Sarraj
LiechtensteinPrinceHans-Adam IIHead of GovernmentAdrian Hasler
LithuaniaPresidentDalia Grybauskait_Prime MinisterSaulius Skvernelis
LuxembourgGrand DukeHenriPrime MinisterXavier Bettel
MacedoniaPresidentGjorge IvanovInterim Prime MinisterEmil Dimitriev
MadagascarPresidentHery RajaonarimampianinaPrime MinisterOlivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
MalawiPresidentPeter Mutharika
MalaysiaYang di-Pertuan AgongMuhammad VPrime MinisterNajib Razak
MaldivesPresidentAbdulla Yameen
MaliPresidentIbrahim Boubacar Ke•taPrime MinisterModibo Keita
MaltaPresidentMarie Louise Coleiro PrecaPrime MinisterJoseph Muscat
Marshall IslandsPresidentHilda Heine
MauritaniaPresidentMohamed Ould Abdel AzizPrime MinisterYahya Ould Hademine
MauritiusPresidentAmeenah GuribPrime MinisterPravind Jugnauth
MexicoPresidentEnrique Pe–a Nieto
MicronesiaPresidentPeter M. Christian
MoldovaPresidentIgor DodonPrime MinisterPavel Filip
MonacoSovereign PrinceAlbert IIMinister of StateSerge Telle
MongoliaPresidentTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjPrime MinisterJargaltulgyn Erdenebat
MontenegroPresidentFilip Vujanovi_Prime MinisterDu_ko Markovi_
MoroccoKingMohammed VIHead of GovernmentAbdelilah Benkirane
MozambiquePresidentFilipe NyusiPrime MinisterCarlos Agostinho do Ros‡rio
MyanmarPresidentHtin KyawState CounsellorAung San Suu Kyi
NamibiaPresidentHage GeingobPrime MinisterSaara Kuugongelwa
NauruPresidentBaron Waqa
NepalPresidentBidhya Devi BhandariPrime MinisterPushpa Kamal Dahal
NetherlandsKingWillem-AlexanderPrime MinisterMark Rutte
New ZealandQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterBill English
NicaraguaPresidentDaniel Ortega
NigerPresidentMahamadou IssoufouPrime MinisterBrigi Rafini
NigeriaPresidentMuhammadu Buhari
North KoreaChairman of the Workers' PartyKim Jong-un
NorwayKingHarald VPrime MinisterErna Solberg
OmanSultan and Prime MinisterQaboos bin Said al Said
PakistanPresidentMamnoon HussainPrime MinisterNawaz Sharif
PalauPresidentTommy Remengesau
PalestinePresidentMahmoud AbbasPrime MinisterRami Hamdallah
PanamaPresidentJuan Carlos Varela
Papua New GuineaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterPeter O'Neill
ParaguayPresidentHoracio Cartes
PeruPresidentPedro Pablo KuczynskiPrime MinisterFernando Zavala
PhilippinesPresidentRodrigo Duterte
PolandPresidentAndrzej DudaPrime MinisterBeata Szyd_o
PortugalPresidentMarcelo Rebelo de SousaPrime MinisterAnt—nio Costa
QatarEmirSheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al ThaniPrime MinisterSheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
RomaniaPresidentKlaus IohannisPrime MinisterSorin Grindeanu
RussiaPresidentVladimir PutinPrime MinisterDmitry Medvedev
RwandaPresidentPaul KagamePrime MinisterAnastase Murekezi
Saint Kitts and NevisQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterTimothy Harris
Saint LuciaQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterAllen Chastanet
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterRalph Gonsalves
SamoaO le Ao o le MaloTufuga EfiPrime MinisterTuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
San MarinoCaptains RegentMarino Riccardi and Fabio Berardi
S‹o TomŽ and Pr’ncipePresidentEvaristo CarvalhoPrime MinisterPatrice Trovoada
Saudi ArabiaKing and Prime MinisterSalman
SenegalPresidentMacky SallPrime MinisterMohammed Dionne
SerbiaPresidentTomislav Nikoli_Prime MinisterAleksandar Vu_i_
SeychellesPresidentDanny Faure
Sierra LeonePresidentErnest Bai Koroma
SingaporePresidentTony TanPrime MinisterLee Hsien Loong
SlovakiaPresidentAndrej KiskaPrime MinisterRobert Fico
SloveniaPresidentBorut PahorPrime MinisterMiro Cerar
Solomon IslandsQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterManasseh Sogavare
SomaliaPresidentHassan Sheikh MohamudPrime MinisterOmar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
South AfricaPresidentJacob Zuma
South KoreaPresidentPark Geun-hyePrime MinisterHwang Kyo-ahn
South SudanPresidentSalva Kiir Mayardit
SpainKingFelipe VIPresident of the GovernmentMariano Rajoy
Sri LankaPresidentMaithripala SirisenaPrime MinisterRanil Wickremesinghe
SudanPresidentOmar al-Bashir
SurinamePresidentDŽsi Bouterse
SwazilandKingMswati IIIPrime MinisterBarnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
SwedenKingCarl XVI GustafPrime MinisterStefan Lšfven
SwitzerlandFederal Council (collective leadership)
SyriaPresidentBashar al-AssadPrime MinisterImad Khamis
TaiwanPresidentTsai Ing-wenPresident of the Executive YuanLin Chuan
TajikistanPresidentEmomali RahmonPrime MinisterKokhir Rasulzoda
TanzaniaPresidentJohn MagufuliPrime MinisterKassim Majaliwa
ThailandKingMaha VajiralongkornPrime MinisterPrayut Chan-o-cha
TogoPresidentFaure GnassingbŽPrime MinisterKomi SŽlom Klassou
TongaKingTupou VIPrime Minister_Akilisi P_hiva
Trinidad and TobagoPresidentAnthony CarmonaPrime MinisterKeith Rowley
TunisiaPresidentBeji Caid EssebsiHead of GovernmentYoussef Chahed
TurkeyPresidentRecep Tayyip Erdo_anPrime MinisterBinali Yõldõrõm
TurkmenistanPresidentGurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
TuvaluQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterEnele Sopoaga
UgandaPresidentYoweri MuseveniPrime MinisterRuhakana Rugunda
UkrainePresidentPetro PoroshenkoPrime MinisterVolodymyr Groysman
United Arab EmiratesPresidentSheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al NahyanPrime MinisterSheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
United KingdomQueenElizabeth IIPrime MinisterTheresa May
United StatesPresidentDonald Trump
UruguayPresidentTabarŽ V‡zquez
UzbekistanPresidentShavkat MirziyoyevPrime MinisterAbdulla Aripov
VanuatuPresidentBaldwin LonsdalePrime MinisterCharlot Salwai
Vatican CitySovereignPope FrancisPresident of the GovernorateCardinal Giuseppe Bertello
VenezuelaPresidentNicol‡s Maduro
VietnamGeneral Secretary of the Communist PartyNguy_n Phœ Tr_ng
YemenPresidentAbdrabbuh Mansur HadiPrime MinisterAhmed Obeid bin Daghr
ZambiaPresidentEdgar Lungu
ZimbabwePresidentRobert Mugabe

What is the difference between head of state and head of government?

The head of state is almost always an individual. They are often elected but not always – for example, some heads of state are monarchs. Their main role is to act as the representative of that state – for example meeting foreign dignitaries, opening parliaments, or calling elections.

The head of government is usually a prime minister, who leads the government and the legislature. They are responsible for implementing laws and ensuring that the country’s bureaucracy runs smoothly.

Most countries separate the two roles, and appoint a different person to fulfil each function. However some countries, usually in countries with a Presidential system of government, allow one person to fulfil both roles.

Trivia

Elizabeth II is the only person to be head of state of more than one country. This is because many countries that used to be a part of the British Empire have kept her as their head of state. In total, she is Queen of sixteen countries. She is also head of the Commonwealth of Nations. In countries other than the United Kingdom, she is represented by a Governor-General.

Bhumibol Adulyadejs, also known as Rama IX, is the longest serving head of state. He is also the longest serving current monarch. He has reigned as King of Thailand since 9 June 1946. This is more than five years longer than Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 5 February 1952.

The longest serving head of state who is not a monarch is Paul Biya of Cameroon. He took office on 30 June 1975.

Three countries have more than one head of state. These countries are Switzerland, where members of the federal council take it in turns to take on the role of President, San Marino, which is led by two Captains-Regent, and Bosnia & Herzegovina, which has a three-member Presidency with one member drawn from each of its three nations.

List of organisation leaders

This table contains a list of the leaders of selected international organisations.

OrganizationHeadTitle
African Union (AU)Idriss DŽbyChairman
Arab LeagueAhmed Aboul GheitSecretary General
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)Thongsing ThammavongChairman
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)Sergei LebedevExecutive Secretary
Commonwealth of NationsQueen Elizabeth IIHead
European Union (EU)Jean-Claude JunckerPresident of the European Commission
International Criminal Court (ICC)Silvia Fern‡ndez de GurmendiPresident
International Monetary Fund (IMF)Christine LagardeManaging Director
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Jens StoltenbergSecretary General
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)JosŽ çngel Gurr’aSecretary General
Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE)Lamberto ZannierSecretary General
Organization of American States (OAS)Luis AlmagroSecretary General
Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (OPEC)Abdallah Salem el-BadriSecretary General
United Nations (UN)Ban Ki-moonSecretary General
World BankJim Yong KimPresident
World Trade Organisation (WTO)Roberto AzevdoDirector General