Countries that have never won an Olympic medal

No Olympic Medals Countries map

Did you know that 75 countries have never won an Olympic medal? That’s more than a third of the countries taking part in this year’s Rio Olympic Games.

As the opening ceremony of the Rio Olympics approaches, spare a thought for the Olympians from 75 brave, valiant countries who participate in every games but have never won an Olympic medal.

Update: Fiji and Kosovo have both broken their Olympic duck by winning Gold Medals at Rio. See our Olympic Per Capita Medal Table for more details. 

Of the record 206 nations who will be competing at the 2016 Rio Olympics in Brazil, 75 have not yet managed to claim a spot on the medal table. They range from tiny Nauru, the smallest country in the Olympics 2016 and the smallest country in the world (population: 10,084), all the way up to Bangladesh which, with its population of 161,128,212, is the eighth largest country in the world. Take a look at the map above and the table at the end of this post for the complete list.

The Rio Olympic Games marks the first opportunity for two new countries – Kosovo and South Sudan – to compete in the Olympics. South Sudan aren’t fancied to win a medal, but Kosovo does have a realistic hope of picking up a medal through Malinda Kelmendi. She is the current world champion, is a strong contender for an Olympic judo title.

Other countries without Olympic medals that are hoping to break their duck in Brazil are Fiji (Rugby Sevens), El Salvador (Swimming), Samoa (Rugby Sevens) , and Turkmenistan (Weightlifting).

The table below lists all of the countries that have not won a medal at any Olympic Games – summer or winter.

CountrySummer GamesWinter GamesTotal Games
 San Marino13922
 Bosnia and Herzegovina6612
 Cayman Islands9211
 Sierra Leone10010
El Salvador10010
 British Virgin Islands8210
 Papua New Guinea909
 DR Congo909
 Central African Republic909
 Antigua and Barbuda909
 The Gambia808
 Solomon Islands808
 Equatorial Guinea808
 Burkina Faso808
 American Samoa718
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines707
 Cook Islands707
 São Tomé and Príncipe505
 Saint Lucia505
 Saint Kitts and Nevis505
 Cape Verde505
 Federated States of Micronesia404
 Kiribati (KIR)303
 Tuvalu (TUV)202
 Marshall Islands (MHL)202
 South Sudan (SSD)Not yet competed
 Kosovo (KOS)Not yet competed