Pinellas County Population 2021

The Pinellas County population is 949,827 (latest US Census Bureau data).

Pinellas County is located in the state of Florida. It is the 6th largest county in Florida by population, and the 51st largest county in the US. It the most densely populated county in the state. Although the population of Pinellas County dropped by 0.5% between the 2000 and 2010 censuses (from 921,482 people in 2000 to 916,542 people in 2010), population growth has returned in the past five years.

Pinellas County Population GrowthSince the 2010 census, the number of people who live in Pinellas County has grown to 949,827, which is an increase of 3.6%.

There are two major cities in Pinellas County – St Petersburg, with a population of 257,083 (2015 data) and Clearwater, the state capital, with a population of 107,685. Together they are a part of the wider Tampa Bay metropolitan area.

Largest cities in Pinellas County

St Petersburg is the largest city in Pinellas County – its 2015 population was 257,083. It is also the 5th largest city in the state of Florida, and the 80th largest city in the US.

Clearwater, the county seat, is the second largest city in Pinellas County and the 16th largest in Florida. In 2015 its population was 107,685 people.

Other major cities in Pinellas County are Largo (population 84,500), Pinellas Park (population 49,079) and Dunedin (population 35,321).

City namePopulation
St Petersburg257,083
Pinellas Park49,079

Together, St Petersburg and Clearwater are a part of the Tampa Bay Area, alongside the larger city of Tampa Bay (which is a part of Hillsborough County) and a number of smaller unincorporated cities such as Brandon.

Formally known by the US Census Bureau as the Tampa-St Petersburg-Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area, the area has a population of 4,310,524 million people (2010 census).

Ethnicity / Race in Pinellas County

According to the US Census Bureau (2015 data) , the largest ethnic group in the county is White non-Hispanic (74.9%). Other major groups are Black or African alone (11.0%), Hispanic or Latino (9.1%) and Asian alone (3.5%).

White non-Hispanic74.9%
Black or African alone11.0%
Hispanic or Latino9.1%
Asian alone3.5%

Just over one in ten (11.2%) of the people living in Pinellas County were born outside of America.

Economy and income

Pinellas County has an average per capita income of $28,742. This makes it the 11th richest county in Florida.

US average$27,334

Per capita income is just above the US average of $27,334.

Pinellas County Population Density

The total area of Pinellas County is 608 sq miles (1,57km2). This makes it the second smallest county in Florida by area.

However, Pinellas is the most densely populated county in Florida – it has a population density of 3,427 people per square mile (1,323 people per km2). This is more than twice the population density of Broward (1,445 people per square mile).

Pinellas County population growth

Pinellas County was founded in 1912, so the first census report is from 1920. This table lists the Pinellas County population at every census since then.

Census YearPopulationPercentage change

Further reading and Sources

Data used in this article comes from the US Census Bureau and the Pinellas County official Government website.

Bahamas Population 2021

The population of the Bahamas (2021) is 378,040. This makes the Bahamas the 169th largest country in the world by population.

The Bahamas is the 6th largest country in the Caribbean, although the territories of Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe and Martinique (administered by the USA and France) are each larger than the Bahamas.

Bahamas population chart

Nassau, the largest city in the Bahamas, is home to 70% of the population. In 2016 it was home to 274,400 people.

The Bahamas is a archipelago of islands in the Caribbean ,just off the east cost of Florida and the north east coast of Cuba. The island chain is divided into two – the Commonwealth of the Bahamas in the north west of the archipelago and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the south east.

How many people live in the Bahamas today?

The latest estimate for the population of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas is 378,040 people. The estimate comes from the government’s Department of Statistics. This is an population increase of 4,400 people (1.18%) over the 2015 population of 373,630.

Between the last two censuses (2000 and 2010) the population grew by 47,850 or 15.8%. On average, growth over the decade was 1.6% per annum.

Although the population of the Bahamas has been growing for decades, the rate of growth has slowed gradually over the years, as you can see in the population table below.

Census YearPopulationPercentage changeAverage annual change

Population growth is not consistent across the Bahamas. While the population in some islands is increasing (the number of people living on Exuma island increased by 94% between 2000 and 2010) it is decreasing on a number of other islands.

Largest cities in the Bahamas

Nassau is the largest city in the Bahamas. In 2016 its population was 274,400 people. Located on the island of New Providence and its smaller neighbour Paradise Island, Nassau operates as both the capita city and the commercial hub of the Bahamas.

Almost three quarters of the entire Bahamas population lives in Nassau, which as a result dominates the country’s political, cultural and economic life.

The next largest cities in the Bahamas are both on the island of Grand Bahama – just off the coast of Florida in the United States. Lucaya has a population of 46,525 people and Freeport has a population of 26,910.


Ethnic groups

Just over nine in ten people (90.6%) in the Bahamas reported in the 2010 census that they were Black. The next largest ethnic groups are white (4.7%), white and black (2.1%), other (1.9%) and unspecified (0.7%).

White and Black2.1%

17.3% of the people living in the Bahamas are citizens of another country. Just under 40,000 (64.4%) are from nearby Haiti. Another 9.2% are from Jamaica and 7.2% are US citizens.

The Bahamas were originally inhabited by the Lucayan people. In just two years between 1509 and 1511, the Spanish transported almost the entire population of the islands (approximately 40,000 people) to Hispaniola, mostly to be used as slaves on neighbouring islands. By 1520 the Bahamas had been entirely depopulated and they remained uninhabited for 130 years.


The largest single religion in the Bahamas is Christianity, which is followed by 94.9% of the population.

Seven in ten (69.9%) Bahamians are members of a Protestant Church, 12% are Roman Catholic, and 13% belong to another Christian denomination.

Bahamians with no religion make up 1.9% of the population, and a further 2.6% did not specify their religion. Only 0.6% of the population reports that they are a member of a non-Christian religion.

Not specified2.6%
No religion1.9%
Other religion0.7%

The largest of the Protestant churches in the Bahamas is the Baptist Church 34.9%. Other major Protestant denominations in the Bahamas include Anglican (13.7%), Pentecostal (8.9%), Seventh Day Adventist (4.4%), and Methodist (3.6%).

Seventh Day Adventist4.4%


English is the official language of the Bahamas and is widely spoken, particularly in formal settings. Bahamian Creole, which is derived from English and a number of other languages is also widely spoken, most commonly in less formal settings.

Many of the Haitian immigrants (around 40,000 people) also speak Haitian Creole.

No accurate statistics on the number of people who speak each language is available.

Population density

The total area of the Bahamas is 13,878 km² or 5,358 m².

Taking the 2016 population of 378,040 and dividing it by the area provides us with a population density of 27.24 people per km² or 70.56 people per m².

Literacy rate

The Bahamas literacy rate is 95.5% for adults (15 and over), increasing to 97.3% for young adults (15-24 years). (2003 data).

Adults (15 and over)95.5%
Young adults (15-24 years)97.3%

Life expectancy

Bahamas life expectancy in 2015 was 72.2 years. Life expectancy for women was 74.4 years and life expectancy for men was 69.8 years.

Overall life expectancy72.2 years
Female life expectancy74.4 years
Male life expectancy69.8 years

Bahamas population pyramid

Bahamas Population Pyramid 2016


Unless otherwise noted, data in this article comes from the report of the latest (2010) Bahamas census. Click here for a PDF copy of the report. Other related data can be found on the Bahamas Government Department of Statistics website.

Grenada Population 2021

The latest estimate of the Grenada population in 2021 is 103,328. Grenada is the 180th largest country in the world and the 10th largest country in the Caribbean. St George is the largest city in Grenada. It has a population of 36,823.

How many people live in Grenada today

Accurate data about the population of Grenada is difficult to find. The latest official estimate from the Grenadian government, in its 2014 Labour Force survey, puts the population at 109,597.

A census was conducted in 2011. Although the full results have not yet been released, a preliminary count indicated that the population in 2011 was 103,328 (see page 11 of the linked report). This marked an increase in population of just 191 (0.19%) people over the 10 years since the 2001 census, or 0.02% per annum.

Given the low growth rate in the preceding ten years, the 2014 estimate should be taken with caution. Because of this we have kept our estimate of the population of Grenada at 103,328.

YearPopulation% Change

The table above shows the population of Grenada at the time of each census.

Largest cities in Grenada

St George is the largest city in Grenada, as well as the island’s capital city. In 2011, the population of St George was 36,823.

St George’s population grew rapidly from 29,369 in 1981 to 37,058 in 2001, but since then the number of people living in the capital has fallen slightly to 36,823.

Major parishes in Grenada include St Andrew (pop: 25,722), St David (pop: 12,561) and St Patrick (pop: 10,980). Here is a full list.

St George36,823
St Andrew25,722
St David12,561
St Patrick10,980
St John7,802
St Mark4,086


Ethnic groups in Grenada

The largest ethnic group in Grenada is people of African descent. They made up 89.4% of the population at the time of the 2001 census (latest available data).

The other groups of notable size (more than 1%) are mixed ethnicity (8.2%) and East Indian (1.6%).

Only 125 people (0.1% of population) reported that they were Carib, the indigenous peoples that inhabited the islands before Europeans arrived.

Ethnic GroupNumberPercentage
African descent92,18289.38%
East Indian1,6621.61%
Indigenous people1250.12%

Religion in Grenada

Roman Catholicism is the largest religion in Grenada. In 2001, 44.6% of Grenadians reported that they were Catholic. Other major Christian religions in Grenada are Anglican (11.5%), Pentecostal (11.3%) and Seventh Day Adventist (10.5%).

Roman Catholic44.6%
Seventh Day Adventist10.5%

Nearly four thousand people (3.6%) reported that they had no religion. Men were more than twice as likely than women to report they had no religion (5.15% male and 2.09% female).

Non-Christian religions in Grenada include Rastafarianism (1.7%) and Islam (0.3%) and Hindu (0.2%). Just over one in twenty people (5.7%) reported that they belonged to another religion not listed on the census form.

Language in Grenada

English is the official language of Grenada, but accurate data is not available on the number of people in Grenada who speak English.

Grenadian Creole is widely spoken in the islands. Again, accurate data is not available, but Ethnologue estimates that around 89,000 people speak Grenadian Creole English.

A French variant of Grenadian Creole also exists – the island was a French colony from 1649 until 763 when it was captured by the British during the Seven Years’ War. Ethnologue estimates that around 2,300 people in Grenada speak Grenadian Creole French, which is a variant of St Lucian Creole French. Its usage is in decline and it is classified as a threatened language.

Population density in Grenada

Grenada is the 45th most densely populated country or territory in the world.

The island of Grenada covers an area of 348.5 km², or 825.2 m². Dividing the 2011 population of 103,328 by the area gives a population density of 300 people per km² or 777 people per m².

Greanadan literacy rate

The literacy rate in Grenada is 96%.

Grenada population pyramid

grenada population pyramid 2016

More men than women

Grenada is unusual in that there are more men in Grenada than women. According to the Grenadian government, in 2011 there were 52,651 males and 50,677 females. They attribute this to a higher number of male births than female and also to emigration from the island.


Unless otherwise stated above, data in this article comes from the 2001 Grenada census. Other than a few preliminary results, data from the 2011 census was not available at the time of writing (August 2016).

Largest cities in Illinois (2021)

The table below lists the 221 largest cities in Illinois by population – every city with a population of more than 10,000 people.

Chicago is the largest city in Illinois, and the 3rd largest city in the United States. According to the latest US Census Bureau estimates, the population of Chicago is 2,695,598.

The sprawling Chicago Metropolitan Area (CMA) has a population of 9.4 million people (2015 estimate). It is so large that it crosses into two neighbouring states – Indiana and Wisconsin. Seven of the ten largest cities in the state of Illinois are part of the Chicago Metropolitan Area.

The second largest city in Illinois is Aurora (population 201,110), followed by Joliet (population: 148,262). Both cities are part of the Chicago Metropolitan Area. The largest city outside of the CMA is Rockford (population 147,651), in northern Illinois.

Springfield is the Illinois state capital. The population of Springfield is 115,715, making it the sixth most populous city in Illinois.

The table below lists the 221 largest cities in the state of Illinois, their population at the time of the 2010 census, their latest estimated population, and the percentage population increase since 2010. You can sort each column, and use the search box to find individual towns and cities. For example, by sorting the population growth column, you can find the fastest growing city in Kansas, as well as identify those cities that are losing population.

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Source: US Census Bureau.

Largest cities in Kansas (2021)

The table below lists the 300 largest cities in Kansas – every city with a population of more than 476 people.

Wichita is the largest city in Kansas, and the 50th largest city in the US. Latest data from the US Census Bureau estimates that Wichita’s population is 389,902.

Overland Park (population 188,966) is the second largest city in Kansas, less than half the size of Wichita. Kansas City (population 151,709) is the third largest city in Kansas state, followed by Olathe (population: 135,473). Together, these three cities plus a number of smaller cities, have combined to form the Kansas City Metropolitan Area (population 2.34 million).

Toledo (population 126,808) is the fifth largest city in Kansas and the state capital.

The table below lists the 300 largest cities in the state of Kansas, their population at the time of the 2010 census, their latest estimated population, and the percentage population increase since 2010. You can sort each column, and use the search box to find individual towns and cities. For example, by sorting the population growth column, you can find the fastest growing city in Kansas, as well as identify those cities that are losing population.

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Source: US Census Bureau.

Largest Cities in Florida (2021)

The table below lists the largest cities in Florida – every city, town or village with a population of more than 5,000 people.

Jacksonville is the largest city in Florida. Latest estimates from the US Census Bureau show that it was home to 880,619 people in 2016, an increase of 7.16% since the 2010 census. Other major cities (more than 500,000 population) in Florida include Miami (population: 453,579), Tampa (population: 377,165), Orlando (277,173) and St Petersburg (population: 260,999).

Tallahassee, Florida’s state capital, is the 7th largest city in the state. 190,894 people live in Tallahassee.

The table below lists each city with more than 5,000 people, its population at the time of the 2010 census, its latest estimated population, and the percentage increase since 2010. You can sort each column, and use the search box to find individual towns and cities.

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Source: US Census Bureau

This article is one of a series of articles about the population of Florida. A related article contains a list of Florida counties by population.

North Korea population (2021)

The latest UN estimate puts the population of North Korea at 25,549,604 people.

The last official North Korean Government data comes from the 2008 North Korean census which recorded a population of 24,052,231 people.

Today, North Korea (formally known as the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea) is the 51st largest country in the world and the 22nd largest country in Asia.

North Korea’s population is roughly half the size of South Korea, which has a population of just over 50 million people.

Population growth in North Korea

Population growth in North Korea has slowed dramatically in recent years. After holding at above 2% per year until the 1990s, the growth rate has fallen to just 0.5% per annum in 2015.

North Korea population by year chart

(Note the large gaps from 1963-1993 and 1993-2008. These are due to lack of data about the population of North Korea, and make growth seem stronger than it actually was.)

There are a number of reasons for this slowing population growth rate including increasing urbanisation, delayed marriage, a high proportion of men among the young North Korean population and, perhaps most importantly in recent years, the impact of famine in North Korea.

Between 1994 and 1998 famine in North Korea was estimated to have killed between 300,000 and 800,000 people every year. Malnutrition would have also reduced birth rates throughout the country and slowed the growth of the North Korean population.

Ethnic groups in North Korea

Korea is perhaps the most ethnically homogenous country in the world today.

The 2008 census reported that, of the 23,349,859 people who answered the census question about their nationality, 23,349,326 reported that they were Korean.

That leaves just 533 respondents who reported that they were of another nationality.

Interestingly almost all of the of the 533 non-Koreans were women. Only 58 were male, set against 475 females. Additionally, almost all (453 of 533) of the non-Koreans were aged 50 years or older.

(See table 5, 2008 North Korean census).

Religion in North Korea

Officially all North Koreans are guaranteed freedom of religion in the constitution. This protection doesn’t always translate to reality, however, as evidenced by the note in the 2008 census (see table 37) which reports that there are just 103 religious professionals working in North Korea today.

There are no official statistics on religion in North Korea, and the majority of the population is thought to be non-religious, either atheist or agnostic.

The main religions in North Korea are Korean Shamanism and Cheondoism. There is thought to also be a small number of Christians and Buddhists in North Korea.


Some argue that the Juche ideology – which stresses self-reliance and venerates North Korea’s founder Kim Il Sung and his successors – has taken on aspects of a religion, and could be considered to be North Korea’s dominant religion.

North Korea languages

The official state language is Korean. As is to be expected from such an ethnically homogeneous nation, Korean is spoken by virtually everyone in North Korea.

The Korean spoken in North Korea is very similar to the Korean spoken in South Korea, although the two languages have diverged slightly in the 60 years since the two countries separated. The largest difference is that South Korea has adopted many Western words that have not been adopted in North Korea.

Pronunciation is also different between the two countries, as North Korean pronunciation is based on the Pyongyang dialect, whereas South Korean pronunciation is based on the Seoul dialect.

Largest cities in North Korea

The population of Pyongyang is 3,255,288 people (2008 data). This makes the capital the largest city in North Korea by some distance.

The only other cities in North Korea with a population of more than half a million people are Hamhung (768,551) and Chongjin (667,929).

Here is a list of the ten largest cities in North Korea.

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Education and literacy rate

Education in North Korea is state organised and funded, and attendance at school is compulsory for all children over the age of five.

Continuing adult education is also compulsory, and often takes the form of small study groups and practical, work-focused study.

North Korea also has a number of more traditional universities. The most prestigious is considered to be Kim Il Sung University in Pyongyang which is host to 16,000 students.

The official literacy rate in North Korea is almost 100%. Of the 20,495,407 people aged over 10 years, only 326 are judged to be illiterate.

Rather unusually for a country in the region, over 99.9% of all North Koreans over 80 years of age are literate.

Although the official North Korean literacy data is likely to have been exaggerated, the country’s well regarded universal education system means that the real literacy rate is probably not all that far off 99%.

Other North Korean demographic data

Data in this section is, unless otherwise noted, drawn from the CIA Factbook, and is from 2015.

Sex ratio

The sex ratio at birth in North Korea is 1.05 male(s) to every female. This is very similar to the global average of 1.07 male(s) to every female at birth.

North Korea sex ratio at birth1.05 male(s)/female
Global average sex ratio at birth1.07 male(s)/female

The total sex ratio across all ages is 0.94 male(s) to every female, which is lower than the global average of 1.01 males(s) to every female.

North Korea total sex ratio0.94 male(s)/female
Global average total sex ratio1.01 male(s)/female

The extremely low ratio of 0.53 male(s) to every female aged 65 or over can largely be attributed to the death toll in the Korean War.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy in North Korea is much lower than in South Korea. The average North Korean can expect to live 70 years. This compares with an average life expectancy of 82 years in South Korea.

North Korea life expectancy70 years
South Korea life expectancy82 years

Life expectancy for North Korean males is 66 years, and life expectancy for North Korean females is 74 years.

Male life expectancy66 years
Female life expectancy74 years

Median age

The median age in North Korea is 33.6 years. For men, the median age is 32.0 years and for women it is 35.2 years.

Median Age33.6 years
Male Median Age32.0 years
Female Median Age35.2 years

Birth and death rate

The birth rate in North Korea is 14.52 births / 1,000 population. The death rate is 9.21 deaths / 1,000 population.

Birth Rate14.52 births per 1,000 population
Death Rate9.21 deaths per 1,000 population

Fertility rate

The fertility rate in North Korea is 1.97 children per woman. This is below the replacement rate of 2.33 children per woman, but still considerably higher than the fertility rate in South Korea, which is 1.2 children per woman.

North Korea fertility rate1.97 children per woman
South Korean fertility rate1.2 children per woman
Replacement fertility rate2.33 children per woman

North Korea population pyramid

Here is a North Korean population pyramid.

North Korea population pyramid 2016

Note the low ratio of male to female among older North Koreans, which is in large part due to the Korean War.

North Korea population by year

Here is a table listing the population of North Korea by year.

There are large gaps between years because the North Korean government only published population data on a very irregular basis. In particular there are large gaps between 1963 and 1993 and between 1993 and 2008.

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Canada Female MPs

In 2015, Canada elected a record 88 women. This article breaks that total down, looking at how many women were elected from each province/territory and each political party.

Canada Female MPs by Province

Although 2015 may have seen the highest number of female MPs ever elected in Canada (surpassing the previous high-water mark of 77 set in 2011 by more than 15) that’s still a long way off where it should be if you look at the number of women in the general population of Canada.

To put things into a little bit of context, although Canada has roughly the same proportion of female MPs as the average European country, and slightly more than in the USA, it still only ranks 50th in the world. In Rwanda, for example, 64% of all MPs are women.

Female MPs by Province and Territory

Breaking down the percentage of female MPs elected by each Canadian Province or Territory shows some wide differences between different parts of the country. The map of Canada above gives a quick overview, and the table below gives more detailed statistics.

Newfoundland and Labrador comes closest to matching the general population. Of the seven MPs elected in Canada’s far east, four were men and three were women. At the other end of the scale Prince Edward Island and Canada’s three territories, elected seven men to fill their seven seats in Parliament.

These are all relatively small provinces and territories, though and Canada’s larger provinces don’t quite hit the same extremes. Even so, Ontario (32%) still has more than twice as many female MPs as Alberta (15%).

RankProvince/Territory% Female MPsTotal MPsFemale MPsMale MPs
1Newfoundland & Labrador42.9%734
3New Brunswick30.0%1037
4=British Columbia28.6%421230
9Nova Scotia9.1%11110
10=Prince Edward Island0.0%404
10=Northwest Territories0.0%101

Female MPs in Canada by Party

When it comes to major political parties, the Green Party technically has the highest proportion of female MPs in Canada’s 42nd Parliament – but with just the one MP, that could be a statistical outlier.

Among major parties, the New Democrats lead the way in Parliament – 40.9% of their MPs (18 of 44 MPs) are women and 42.8% of their candidates were women. They’re followed by Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party, with 27.1%, Bloc Quebecois with 20% and the Conservatives with 17.1%.

Green Party1 of 1 MPs
New Democrats18 of 44 MPs
Liberal50 of 184 MPs
Bloc Quebecois2 of 10 MPs
Conservative17 of 99 MPs

Another way to look at it is to consider the proportion of female candidates that each party put forward. There the picture is similar, but it’s interesting to see that each party (except the Green Party) selected a higher proportion of female candidates than were eventually elected MPs.

New Democrats145 of 338 candidates
Green Party135 of 336 candidates
Bloc Quebecois22 of 78 candidates
Liberal105 of 338 candidates
Conservative66 of 338 candidates

Although the New Democrats top this table (43%), Canada’s two major parties don’t excel. Although the Liberals hover around the average (27% of their candidates were women) just 17% of Conservative candidates were women.

Sources and Further Reading

This article was compiled using the Parliament of Canada website’s register of members. They also have comprehensive data on women who have stood for or been elected to the Canadian Senate and House since 1867.

Shortly after the election, CBC published a detailed analysis ‘50% population, 25% representation, Why the Parliamentary gender gap?’

The National Library of Canada has more detail on the history of women in Canadian legislatures, including biographies of the first female MP in Canada (Agnes Macphail), the first female Canadian Senator (Cairine Wilson), the first female Prime Minister (Kim Campbell) and the first woman elected in each of Canada’s Provincial Legislatures.

Equal Voice is an organisation dedicated to electing more women in Canada – not just in Parliament but in provincial and local elections as well.

What Continent is New Zealand in?

New Zealand is located on a submerged continent called Zealandia. It is a part of the wider region called Oceania (which is not a continent).

Some people argue that New Zealand should be considered a part of the Australian continent, or even that it is an island without a continent.

This article outlines the main arguments, and contains information about the submerged continent of Zealandia.

Is New Zealand a continent called Zealandia?

New Zealand is a part of a submerged continent called Zealandia. It is the largest part of the continent that is above water.

This topographical map shows the extent of the Zealandia continent. The parts in green are islands. The light blue represents the raised continental crust.

What Continent is New Zealand in

The two ridges that extend North East of New Zealand are Alpine ridges – they extend into New Zealand where they become the Southern Alps. Although the eastern coast of Australia is shown, it is not a part of Zealandia.

Today, almost all of Zealandia, which broke away from Gondwanaland 83 million years ago, is submerged under the Pacific Ocean. The few parts which are above the sea include New Zealand (population: 4.7 million), New Caledonia (pop: 252,000), Norfolk Island (pop: 2,302), the Lord Howe Island Group (pop: 347) and the unpopulated Elizabeth and Middleton reefs.

TerritoryPart ofPopulationArea (square miles)
New ZealandNew Zealand4.7 million103,483
New CaledoniaFrance252,0007,172
Norfolk IslandAustralia2,30213.3
Lord Howe Island GroupAustralia3475.62
Elizabeth and Middleton ReefsAustralia0n/a

New Zealand itself was isolated from the rest of the world until 800 years ago, when the first humans (Maori) arrived. Because of this isolation it developed a unique environment free of natural predators.

Is New Zealand a part of Australia?

Some geologists argue that, because Zealandia is a continental fragment that broke away from the Australian continent, New Zealand should really be considered to be a part of Australia.

Leaving aside geography, politically New Zealand has very close ties with its close neighbour Australia. Because the geographical boundaries of continents are not clearly defined and subject to dispute, some people believe that the political argument that New Zealand is so closely linked to Australia means that – for practical purposes at least – it would be simplest to say that New Zealand is a part of the Australian continent.

Is New Zealand part of Oceania

New Zealand is a part of the Oceania region – although it is important to note that Oceania is not a continent. Instead, Oceania is a grouping of countries and islands spread across the Pacific Ocean.

Oceania Map

New Zealand is the second largest country in Oceania, after Australia, and plays a leading role in the region. Traditionally, New Zealand has the most influence in Polynesia, and Australia has the greater influence in Melanesia.

In most regional sports, New Zealand competes in Oceanian sporting competitions.

Is Australia a Country or a Continent?

Australia is both a country and a continent. The country called Australia is a part of the continent that is also called Australia.

Australia is also a part of the region called Oceania, which is not technically a continent. It is also a part of the region called Australasia, which is a sub-region of Oceania.

This article provides further information about how the continent of Australia is defined. It also answers questions about Oceania and Australasia. At the end of the article is a list of countries in Australia.

What continent is Australia in?

Australia (the country) is in Australia (the continent). However, experts disagree about what exactly constitutes the continent of Australia. Some argue that Australia (the continent) just includes the island of Australia and its surrounding islands. Others argue that the continent is much larger.

Australia Continent

At the lower end of the scale, are those who argue that the continent of Australia is comprised of just two major parts – the islands of Australia and Tasmania – plus a number of smaller islands scattered around their coasts.

Those who argue for Australia as a large continent include not just Australia itself, but the islands of New Guinea, Seram and Timor to the north, and even parts of New Zealand to the east.

There are also others who argue that, which Australia is a large continent, New Zealand should not be considered a part of the Australian continent. Instead, it should be considered as part of its own continent – a submerged continent called Zealandia.

The most commonly accepted definition is that Australia (the continent) is comprised of Australia (the country), plus New Zealand, New Guinea and Seram (an island in Indonesia). We have used this definition in compiling the list of countries in Australia that you will find at the end of this article.

Australia – the oldest continent

Australia is known as the oldest continent.

This is partly because, although Australia was formed at the same time as other continents, the rocks that make up its landscape are far older than the rocks that make up the landscape of other continents.

It is also because Australia was so distant from the rest of the world that its ecology was able to develop without much interference from the rest of the world. As a result, Australia’s ecology is very different to the ecologies of much of the rest of the world.

And, finally, it is because Australia was the last continent to be discovered by humans (aborigines first landed more than 40,000 years ago, although Europeans didn’t discover Australia until the early 17th century).

Is Oceania a Continent?

No. Oceania is not a continent. Instead, Oceania is a region.

The region of Oceania is usually divided into three smaller regions – Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.

Others prefer a broader geographical definition which includes all of the Pacific Islands (for example Fiji, Samoa, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, the Cook Islands and more), New Zealand, Australia and even the Malay Archipelago.

Here is a map that shows Oceania – it uses the broadest possible definition of what countries are in Oceania.

Oceania Map

The most common definition of Oceania (used by the UN and IOC) includes Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the small Pacific Island nations.

Is Australasia a Continent?

No, Australasia is not a continent.

Australasia is a region. It is made up of the part of Oceania that includes Australia, New Zealand, Guinea and a number of smaller islands.

The term Australasia is often used as a shorthand to refer to Australia and New Zealand at the same time.

How many countries are there in Australia?

As noted above, working out how many countries are in the Australian continent depends very much on what definition you use.

Australia continent 2

For the purposes of the list of countries below, we have taken a broad definition of the continent, including New Zealand, Timor and Seram (both in Indonesia) and New Guinea (split between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

List of Countries in Australia

Using the definition above, there are four countries in the continent of Australia. Three of these are full countries and one (Indonesia) is partly in Australia.

CountryPopulationArea (sq m)
Papua New Guinea7,619,321462,840
Indonesia (Seram and Western New Guinea)4,797,982467,640
New Zealand4,528,526268,021

Note: This table is sorted by population. It includes the population of Seram and Western New Guinea, two regions of Indonesia. The total population of Indonesia is 257,563,815.