Country Digest

Portland Population (2017)

The population of Portland, Oregon is 632,309 (latest US census data). Portland is the largest city in the US state of Oregon, and the 26th largest city in the United States.

Portland is located in northern Oregon on the Willamette and Columbia rivers. It is the largest city and the seat (capital) of Multnomah county. It is also the second largest city in the Pacific Northwest, after Seattle and just ahead of Vancouver.

The wider Portland metropolitan area has a population of 2,389,228 people, and is the 23rd largest metropolitan area in the US by population.

Portland Oregon USA
Population  632,309  4,028,977  323,127,513
Population Growth (since 2010) 8.3%  5.2%  4.1%
Population Density (per sq mile) 4,375.2  39.9  87.4

Portland population growth

The population of Portland is growing more rapidly than the population of Oregon or the United States as a whole. Between 2010 and 2015 Portland’s population grew by 8.3%, compared with 5.2% for Oregon and 4.1% for the United States.

Population growth in Portland was explosive in the city’s early years. For example, in the first decade of the 20th century number of people living in: grew by 129%. Growth stagnated between 1940 and 1990 – in fact in the 1970s put’s population actually fell by 4.2%.

Recent decades have seen a return to population growth in Portland, averaging between 10 and 21% every decade since 1980.

The table below lists the population of Portland at the time of each U.S. Census since 1860.

Census Year Population  % Change
1860 2,874 n/a
1870 8,293 188.6%
1880 17,577 111.9%
1890 46,385 163.9%
1900 90,426 94.9%
1910 207,214 129.2%
1920 258,288 24.6%
1930 301,815 16.9%
1940 305,394 1.2%
1950 373,628 22.3%
1960 372,676 -0.3%
1970 382,619 2.7%
1980 366,383 -4.2%
1990 437,319 19.4%
2000 529,121 21.0%
2010 583,776  10.3%

Portland ethnicity and race

Portland is less diverse than the US average, but more diverse than the state of Oregon.

White non-Hispanic76.1%
Hispanic or Latino9.4%
Asian7.1%
Black or African American6.3%

The 2010 census revealed 72.2% of people in Portland are White (non-Hispanic). For comparison, 63.7% of people in the entire United States White, while 78.5% of people in Oregon are White.

The next most common races in Portland are Hispanic or Latino (9.4%), Asian (7.1%), Black or African-American (6.3%).

The table below lists each group, comparing it to Oregon and the United States as a whole.

Statistic Portland Oregon United States
White alone (not Hispanic or Latino) 72.2% 78.5% 63.7%
Hispanic or Latino 9.4% 11.7% 16.3%
Black or African American alone 6.3% 1.8% 12.6%
Asian alone 7.1% 3.7% 4.8%
Two or more races 4.7% 3.8% 2.9%
American Indian / Alaska native 1.0% 1.4% 0.9%
Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander 0.5% 0.3% 0.2%

Portland economy / income statistics

Per capita income in Portland is higher than the US average, although not by much. Between 2011 and 2015, the average income was $32,938.

Poverty rates are slightly higher than the state average, which is slightly higher again than the national average.

Statistic Portland Oregon United States
Per Capita Income $32,938 $27,784 $28,930
Median household income $55,003 $51,243 $53,889
Poverty rate 18.0% 15.4% 13.5%
Retail sales per capita (2012) $14,107 $12,690 $13,443

Portland demographics – education

The number of high school graduates in Portland is 91.3%. This is slightly higher than the statewide average (89.8%), and higher again than the US average (86.7%).

Almost half (45.5%) of Portland residents have a bachelors degree or higher. This compares to 30.8% across the rest of Oregon, and 29.8% nationwide.

Statistic Portland Oregon United States
High School Graduates 91.3% 89.8% 86.7%
Bachelors Degree 45.5% 30.8% 29.8%

Unless otherwise noted, data is from the US Census Bureau.

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